Perth, Western Australia


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The city of Perth in Western Australia was named by Captain James Stirling in 1829 after Perth, Scotland. Before the establishment of the Swan River Colony, the indigenous Noongar people occupied the southwest corner of Western Australia, hunting and gathering. The lakes on the coastal plain were particularly important to the Aboriginal people, providing them with both spiritual and physical sustenance.

After settlement in 1829, the European settlers gave the name “Third Swamp” to one of a chain of wetland lakes stretching from Claisebrook to Herdsman Lake. Hostile encounters between European settlers and Noongars. By 1843 the tribe had begun to disintegrate and had been dispossessed of their land around the main settlement area of the Swan River Colony. They retreated to the swamps and lakes north of the settlement area including Third Swamp, formerly known by them as Boodjamooling. In 1897, fifteen hectares of Third Swamp would be gazetted as a public park and renamed as Hyde Park. Hyde Park is now one of Perth’s most popular parks.

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